As a pregnant woman, it is important to know what fetal macrosomia means. This condition happens when a fetus has too much body fat in relation to its length and head circumference. It can lead to health problems during pregnancy and after birth for both the mother and the child. Fetal macrosomia is a condition that can cause problems during delivery as well. It occurs when the fetus has an excessive accumulation of body fat because it is not burning calories at the normal rate. This can lead to complications like shoulder dystocia, birth trauma and birth injuries. Fortunately, there are ways for pregnant women to help prevent fetal macrosomia from occurring. Below are what every woman should know about fetal macrosomia.
1. Macrosomia is caused by fetal overnutrition.
It is usually seen in cases of maternal diabetes or uncontrolled maternal obesity, but it can also occur when the fetus consumes too much glucose during pregnancy due to placental insufficiency. This overnutrition happens when the fetus accumulates too much fat, which can lead to a large baby.
2. Macrosomia may cause complications during delivery.
Macrosomic babies tend to be large, and this can make vaginal delivery difficult. It is recommended that pregnant women undergo cesarean section for larger fetuses, especially if they have been diagnosed with macrosomia. In addition, fetal macrosomia can result in shoulder dystocia, which causes the child’s shoulders to become stuck during delivery. This can also lead to birth injuries like brachial plexus injury or clavicle fracture.
3. Macrosomia increases the chances of other health issues after birth as well.
Besides being at risk for birth trauma and other injuries, a baby who is born weighing over nine pounds will have a greater chance of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes when they become an adult. This condition can develop in adulthood because of excessive fat accumulation during their mother’s pregnancy.
4. Macrosomia is preventable with careful monitoring of nutrition and exercise.
Women with overweight mothers are more likely to have larger babies even when they do not have diabetes, so these women must control their weight gain during pregnancy. Pregnant women at risk for macrosomia should be taking care of themselves by increasing their physical activity, eating lots of healthy foods and avoiding too much junk food or fast food. Women who are obese or have diabetes should regularly monitor their blood sugar levels throughout the entire pregnancy to ensure that they don’t experience any complications.
5. There is a genetic component to fetal macrosomia.
Fetal macrosomia seems to run in the family, especially if the mother has had other children who were large at birth. The risk for fetal overnutrition increases when one or both parents are obese and can be harmful during pregnancy. Most women who have had large babies before will have larger babies again, so this means that they should take special care of themselves during their next pregnancies.
6. If a woman is at risk for fetal macrosomia, she should seek regular prenatal care.
A doctor can check the size of a pregnant woman’s uterus with ultrasounds and let her know if there is a chance that her fetus may be born weighing over nine pounds. This allows doctors to increase their monitoring and make sure that women at risk do not gain too much weight. Regular prenatal visits will help doctors monitor the progress of the baby and any risks for complications like macrosomia or gestational diabetes (which occurs during pregnancy).
7. Macrosomia increases health risks after birth.
A baby that weighs over nine pounds at birth is more than three times as likely to be obese as an adult. This is because macrosomia causes the body’s cells to become insulin-resistant, making it difficult for the child to burn fat and glucose after they pass the newborn stage. It is very important for parents of children born with fetal macrosomia to monitor their weight and provide healthy eating options during childhood to avoid obesity during adulthood.
In conclusion, macrosomia can be dangerous to both mother and child during pregnancy. It is important that pregnant women eat healthy foods, increase their physical activity, gain the appropriate weight and monitor their blood sugar levels throughout their pregnancies. If a pregnant woman is at risk for macrosomia, her doctor will monitor her more closely so she does not gain too much weight or have other complications during this time.
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